Tuesday, 27 February 2024 00:00

Hammertoe, a common foot deformity characterized by abnormal bending of the toe joints, can cause discomfort and limit mobility. Incorporating regular stretches into your daily routine can help alleviate tension and improve flexibility in the affected toes. One effective stretch is the toe extensor stretch, which involves gently pulling the affected toes upward and holding the position for several seconds to stretch the tendons and muscles on the top of the toes. Another beneficial stretch is the toe flexor stretch, where you interlace your fingers between the toes and gently press them together to stretch the toe joints and muscles on the bottom of the toes. Additionally, rolling a small ball or towel under the arches of your feet can help relieve tension and promote better toe alignment. By performing these stretches consistently and gently, individuals with hammertoes can enhance flexibility, reduce discomfort, and maintain better foot health overall. If you have hammertoe, and would like to know more about specific stretches to perform, it is suggested that you consult a podiatrist who can offer a tailored treatment plan.

Hammertoe

Hammertoes can be a painful condition to live with. For more information, contact one of our podiatrists from DeCaro Total Foot Care Center. Our doctors will answer any of your foot- and ankle-related questions.

Hammertoe is a foot deformity that affects the joints of the second, third, fourth, or fifth toes of your feet. It is a painful foot condition in which these toes curl and arch up, which can often lead to pain when wearing footwear.

Symptoms

  • Pain in the affected toes
  • Development of corns or calluses due to friction
  • Inflammation
  • Redness
  • Contracture of the toes

Causes

Genetics – People who are genetically predisposed to hammertoe are often more susceptible

Arthritis – Because arthritis affects the joints in your toes, further deformities stemming from arthritis can occur

Trauma – Direct trauma to the toes could potentially lead to hammertoe

Ill-fitting shoes – Undue pressure on the front of the toes from ill-fitting shoes can potentially lead to the development of hammertoe

Treatment

Orthotics – Custom made inserts can be used to help relieve pressure placed on the toes and therefore relieve some of the pain associated with it

Medications – Oral medications such as anti-inflammatories or NSAIDs could be used to treat the pain and inflammation hammertoes causes. Injections of corticosteroids are also sometimes used

Surgery – In more severe cases where the hammertoes have become more rigid, foot surgery is a potential option

If you have any questions please contact our office located in West Hatfield, MA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Hammertoe
Wednesday, 21 February 2024 00:00

Custom orthotics, or shoe inserts, should be periodically replaced. Orthotics must fit properly to give you the best results. Protect your feet and ankles!

Tuesday, 20 February 2024 00:00

The Ankle-Brachial Index, or ABI, test is a diagnostic tool podiatrists use to assess peripheral arterial disease. This is a condition characterized by narrowed or blocked arteries, caused primarily by plaque buildup and which leads to poor blood flow to the legs. By measuring blood pressure at the ankle, at rest, and sometimes post-exercise, the ABI helps predict the severity of peripheral artery disease, a condition primarily caused by arterial narrowing or blockage due to plaque buildup. A normal ABI falls within the range of 1.0 to 1.4, indicating sufficient blood flow and minimal arterial obstruction, while values of 0.9 or lower suggest peripheral artery disease. Additionally, ABI values above 1.40 may also signal arterial stiffness and potential cardiovascular risks. Notably, a slight drop in ABI post-exercise further confirms the presence of peripheral artery disease. This test is instrumental not only in diagnosing lower extremity vascular issues but also in identifying individuals at heightened risk for heart attacks and strokes. Consequently, integrating ABI testing into routine podiatric assessments enables early detection and management of PAD. If you have peripheral artery disease symptoms, it is suggested that you schedule an appointment with a podiatrist for an examination and possibly ABI testing. 

Peripheral artery disease can pose a serious risk to your health. It can increase the risk of stroke and heart attack. If you have symptoms of peripheral artery disease, consult with one of our podiatrists from DeCaro Total Foot Care Center. Our doctors will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.

Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is when arteries are constricted due to plaque (fatty deposits) build-up. This results in less blood flow to the legs and other extremities. The main cause of PAD is atherosclerosis, in which plaque builds up in the arteries.

Symptoms

Symptoms of PAD include:

  • Claudication (leg pain from walking)
  • Numbness in legs
  • Decrease in growth of leg hair and toenails
  • Paleness of the skin
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Sores and wounds on legs and feet that won’t heal
  • Coldness in one leg

It is important to note that a majority of individuals never show any symptoms of PAD.

Diagnosis

While PAD occurs in the legs and arteries, Podiatrists can diagnose PAD. Podiatrists utilize a test called an ankle-brachial index (ABI). An ABI test compares blood pressure in your arm to you ankle to see if any abnormality occurs. Ultrasound and imaging devices may also be used.

Treatment

Fortunately, lifestyle changes such as maintaining a healthy diet, exercising, managing cholesterol and blood sugar levels, and quitting smoking, can all treat PAD. Medications that prevent clots from occurring can be prescribed. Finally, in some cases, surgery may be recommended.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in West Hatfield, MA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Peripheral Artery Disease
Tuesday, 13 February 2024 00:00

Ensuring good circulation and blood flow in older feet is important for maintaining overall foot health and preventing potential complications. As people age, blood vessels can naturally narrow, reducing blood circulation to the feet. Lower blood flow can contribute to slow wound healing, increased susceptibility to infections, and a higher risk for foot-related problems. Tissues need oxygen and nutrients, which are delivered by the blood. Lifestyle adjustments, such as regular exercise, staying hydrated, and avoiding prolonged periods of sitting, can significantly contribute to better blood flow. Good foot care also involves wearing well-fitting shoes that won’t cut off blood flow. You can take proactive steps towards maintaining foot health by focusing on increasing circulation to the feet, which will reduce the risk of foot problems and help you enjoy an active and comfortable lifestyle. If you have poor blood flow to the feet, it is suggested that you visit a podiatrist who can create a personalized treatment plan and diagnose any other foot-related problems. 

If you need your feet checked, contact one of our podiatrists of DeCaro Total Foot Care Center. Our doctors will attend to all of your foot and ankle needs and provide you with quality treatment.

Geriatrics and Podiatry
When people age, some common issues that may occur are bone density loss, dry skin, poor circulation, and rough brittle nails. These issues may also affect your foot health if the necessary steps are not taken to alleviate the problems.

It is important to take care of your feet because feet that are injured or diseased can affect your overall health. Having painful feet hinders your ability to do daily activities or may decrease your willingness to do the things that you need to do.

Visiting Your Geriatrician
As we age, health problems become more likely, so it is essential to visit your doctor for check-ups to ensure that you are doing the best you can to take care of your health. It is recommended to check your feet frequently for any possible cuts, bruises, swelling, corns or any other irregularities. 

Taking Care of Elderly Feet
Cracked or dry feet can be treated by applying moisturizer often. It is also important not to wear old socks because the older the sock is, the higher the possibility there will be that there is bacteria there. Wear fresh socks and make sure they fit properly.

Proper foot health means that you can have a more active lifestyle and you will not be bogged down by pain. Foot health also leads to good circulation, which is paramount for overall health.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in West Hatfield, MA . We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Geriatrics and Podiatry
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